What is public health intelligence?
A framework of knowledge, methods, processes, tools and techniques for:
- Measuring health and wellbeing risks and determinants, health needs, health outcomes, health status and providing a narrative describing these in populations.
- Assessing, measuring and describing the impacts of the influences and determinants on health.
- Making comparisons and identifying variation in services, health determinants, outcomes and status.
- Target setting for health improvement, monitoring performance and checking changes over time.
- Assessing and evaluating services and quantifying the impacts of prevention programmes.
- Overall, it’s knowing where to look for data, information and knowledge and having the ability to use that information safely and effectively in order to support decision making.
Underpinning all this is an approach to problems that considers things from the perspectives of person, place and time: an epidemiological approach that considers the distribution, causes and impacts of health and disease in populations from these perspectives.
What do we do in practice?
We work with colleagues to:
- Protect the health of the public.
- Prevent ill-health.
- Promote healthy lifestyles.
- Provide advice on the commissioning of health and care services to meet population needs.
How do we do this?
- Provide project based needs analysis, needs assessment and, through the local Health and Wellbeing Board, joint strategic needs assessment (JSNA).
- Give advice on the effective use of information analysis in the context of decision support for public health, healthcare and local authority services.
- Disseminate and develop the local picture of the Public Health Outcomes Framework (PHOF), and other public health data profiles, to help people to understand and improve health outcomes.
- Identify vulnerable populations and marginalised groups and conduct analytical work to identify and help to reduce inequalities in local health outcomes.
- Produce health and health determinant profiles and local narratives of health.
- Ensure an understanding of local performance and the impacts of interventions and services on health outcomes.
- Apply the evidence base to local public health and healthcare problems.
- Develop and maintain databases of public health intelligence data.
- Develop, maintain and publicise public health intelligence resources.
- Keep on top of developments in public health intelligence methods and data releases.
- Provide modelled population based data where local data are not available.
- Provide public health and analytical advice to the NHS, via the Clinical Commissioning Group.
- Deliver the information requirements for the Director of Public Health’s Annual Report.
- Overall, provide the analytical, public health expertise and local area knowledge to provide a sound local public health intelligence service to the local authorities, the NHS and our partners.
Public Health England
We work collaboratively with Public Health England’s Local Knowledge and Intelligence Service (LKIS) East. Public Health England hosts and runs a regional health intelligence network that holds regular meetings to share knowledge, to learn collectively about the use of intelligence resources and to work collaboratively. LKIS East of England can be contacted at LKISEast@phe.gov.uk.
Public Health England’s Fingertips Public Health Profiles platform provides a huge range of interactive subject-based population health intelligence resources and data downloads.
Public Health England’s data analysis and tools page provides a subject based menu of resources.
CCG (NHS) specific intelligence resources
- NHS England resources for CCGs home page.
- NHS England commissioning intelligence model describes the steps in the commissioning cycle, provides example commissioning questions and potential data types and resources to answer them.
- NHS England CCG outcomes tools.
- NHS Right Care home page – Right Care looks at healthcare variation.
- NHS England Commissioning for Value suite of products and resources.
- NHS England primary care data web tool.
- National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE): NICE home page, NICE pathways, NICE guidance; NICE standards and indicators and NICE evidence services.
- Cambridgeshire and Peterborough CCG home page.
Other analytical and population health intelligence resources
- NHS Digital home page – collected data and information resources from the umbrella body for information services in health and social care.
- NHS Digital’s Indicator Portal provides an online portal for NHS and other data in spreadsheet form, metadata (data about data) and some methodological information.
- Office for National Statistics home page – the national producer of official statistics and the recognised national statistical institute of the UK.
- The King Fund – data and policy briefings from the King’s Fund independent charity who work to improve health and care in England.
Local Library Services
- Local library services are provided by the Hinchingbrooke Health Care NHS Trust’s Library Service. Cambridgeshire County Council has a contract with the library to provide current awareness and literature search services and the Hinchinbrooke Library is also the local administrator for the NHS OpenAthens electronic journals service.
- CCC local library services at Hinchingbrooke: contact by phone on 01480 416412 or by email at email@example.com.
- NHS OpenAthens account registration.
- NHS staff can also access some journals free from NICE.
- The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) also provide their own evidence services.
Public health intelligence and epidemiology learning resources
- Public health online textbook including statistics and epidemiology.
- Specific public health practitioner and specialist learning for epidemiology, health information and statistical methods.
- Local PHE health intelligence learning and courses for commissioners, non-specialists and analysts.
- Information covering the range of Public Health Careers.
- Data and information can be fun, so enjoy yourself with the late Hans Rosling’s Gapminder and explore the art of the possible.
Sensitive or confidential information: Please send to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Public health intelligence team guide