Public Health England's Child Health Profiles provide a snapshot of child health and wellbeing for each local authority in England. The profiles present health indicators which enable comparison locally, regionally and nationally. By using the profiles, local organisations can work in partnership to plan and commission evidence-based services based on local need. The profiles allow comparisons to be made between the outcomes in the local population and other local authorities in order to identify and learn from better performing areas.
The latest profile for Cambridgeshire was released in June 2015.
What do the profiles tell us about the health and wellbeing of children in Cambridgeshire?
- In 2013 there were 7,365 live births - a decrease of 4.8% from 2012 (England = -4.3%).
- Slightly lower proportion of preschool children compared to England (6.0% compared to 6.3% respectively).
- The proportion of under 20 years olds is forecast to increase by 5.6% between 2013 and 2020 (England = 3.8%).
- Lower proportion of children from BME groups (18.4% compared to 27.8% nationally).
- In 2012 12.5% of children lived in poverty, noticeably lower than the national average of 19.2% - and also a decrease from 13.1% in 2011 (England 20.6%).
- Higher life expectancy for boys (81.2 years) and girls (84.6 years) compared to England and East of England.
- Levels of excess weight (obese or overweight) in Reception and Year 6 pupils are significantly lower than the national average, with the proportions being around the average of statistical neighbours (and significantly lower than Gloucestershire).
- The rate of admission to hospital for alcohol specific conditions in young people aged under 18 years is decreasing in Cambridgeshire, in line with the national trend but with the rates being consistently lower in Cambridgeshire.
- The trend in the hospital admission rate for self-harm in people aged 10-24 years is increasing at a faster rate than that experienced nationally.
- Cambridgeshire has a significantly low teenage conception rate compared to England, and has the lowest rate in comparison to statistical neighbours. The county had a lower proportion of births in under 18 years olds than the European average, and the lowest rate in comparison to the statistical neighbours.
- In 2013/14 83.0% of mothers initiated breastfeeding when their baby was born. This had dropped to 56.2% by the 6-8 week checks. National comparators (due to missing data from some areas) are not unavailable, but the European average for babies who had ever been breastfed was 89.1%.
- In 2013/14 a significantly lower percentage of children (89.9%) had received their first dose of immunisation by the age of two in Cambridgeshire when compared to the England average (92.7%), and was lower than in 2012/13 (90.9%). By the age of five, the percentage of children who have received their second dose of MMR immunisation was lower than the national average at 85.9% (England average 88.3%).
Profiles for all local authorities, and interactive data tools, can be found at http://www.chimat.org.uk/profiles
Further information on the health of children and young people is available in the Children and Young People's Health Benchmarking Tool at http://fingertips.phe.org.uk/profile/cyphof