Glossary K - O





Cervical Cancer screening programme (Cytology) uptake reporting


The routine surveillance of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in England & Wales is carried out through the collection of statutory KC60 returns.


Breast Cancer screening programme uptake reporting.

Key Stage 1

Children aged 5 – 7, – at the end of each key stage, each National Curriculum subject has a target: children should reach a particular level of skills, knowledge and understanding.

Key Stage 2

Children aged 7 – 11, – at the end of each key stage, each National Curriculum subject has a target: children should reach a particular level of skills, knowledge and understanding.

Key Stage 3

Children aged 11 – 14, – at the end of each key stage, each National Curriculum subject has a target: children should reach a particular level of skills, knowledge and understanding.

Key Stage 4

Children aged 14, – at the end of each key stage, each National Curriculum subject has a target: children should reach a particular level of skills, knowledge and understanding.


Key Performance indicator.


Local Commissioning Group.  Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) is made up of eight local commissioning groups (LCGs) which are groups of practices which have come together to commission (buy) health services for their local population.  LCGs are enabled and supported by the CCG to make local change happen and manage resources through delegated budgets and they report into the Governing Body of the CCG.  A local commissioning group structure ensures that the CCG is led locally by clinicians in partnership with their community, commissioning quality services that ensure value for money and the best possible outcomes for those who use them. 


Local Area Agreement – LAAs set out the priorities for a local area agreed between central government and a local area (the local authority and Local Strategic Partnership) and other key partners at the local level.


Local Authority District


Local Alcohol Profile for England.


Long Acting Reversible Contraceptives


Liquid Based Cytology.


Low Birth Weight, less than 2,500g


Local Delivery Plan


Life Expectancy – is a statistical measure of the average length of survival

of a living thing. It is often calculated separately for differing gender and geographic location.


Learning, Education and Achievement Partnership


Local Enhanced Service.


London Health Observatory.

Life course

The life course is a culturally defined sequence of age categories that people are normally expected to pass through as they progress from birth to death.

Lifetime homes

The concept of Lifetime Homes was developed in the early 1990s by a group of housing experts, including Habinteg Housing Association and the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

The group was formed because of concerns about how inaccessible and inconvenient many homes were for large sections of the population. The principles of Lifetime Homes have supported the growing demand for choice, flexibility and independence among disabled people of all ages, as well as promoting high quality and thoughtful housing design for the general population.

Lifetime Homes are ordinary homes incorporating 16 Design Criteria that can be universally applied to new homes at minimal cost. Each design feature adds to the comfort and convenience of the home and supports the changing needs of individuals and families at different stages of life.

Lifetime Homes are all about flexibility and adaptability; they are not ‘special’, but are thoughtfully designed to create and encourage better living environments for everyone. From raising small children to coping with

illness or dealing with reduced mobility in later life, Lifetime Homes make the ups and downs of daily living easier to manage



Local Implementation Plan

Live Births by

Maternal Age


The number of live births to mothers resident in an area by age. The lowest rank is allocated to the lowest percentage.

Local Development



The Government has introduced a new plan system to manage how development takes place in towns and the countryside. Together with the Regional Spatial Strategy it will determine planning system will help to shape the community.


Groups of GP practices that work together to work on the practice based commissioning agenda






LSCP Corridor was designated as one of the Government’s 4 Growth Areas in the 2003 Sustainable Communities Plan and, as such, it is considered to have potential for significant housing and employment


Lower Super

Output Area (LSOA)


A stable geographic area established for demographic analayses, of around 1,500 people.  LSOAs originated after the 2001 Census and were created to ensure more stability for geographical analyses than an electoral ward where voundaries change over time for administrative purposes.


Local Transport Plan.


The extent of ilness and disease in a population.


The incidence of death in a population


Medium-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency


Most Deprived Quintile


Making Every Adult Matter programme


Models of Care for Alcohol Misusers.

Months of Life Lost

Months of life lost from alcohol related conditions 2002-2004, persons aged under 75. Based on expectation of life tables (Government Actuarys Department) and death statistics (Office for National Statistics). This figure

allows for the future months of life lost as a result of death.


The extent of disease in a population


The incidence of death in a population.


Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus


Middle Super Output Area

Musculoskeletal Conditions

Can affect the body's muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments and nerves.

National Curriculum

The National Curriculum is a framework used by all maintained schools to ensure that teaching and learning is balanced and consistent.

National Sexual

Health and HIV



The national Strategy for sexual health and HIV. It is a Strategy that will modernise sexual health and HIV services in this country. It addresses the

rising prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and of HIV. Produced by the Department of Health.


National Chlamydia Screening Programme - A plan to begin implementing a national screening programme for chlamydia was included in the Department of Health's National Strategy for Sexual Health and HIV.


Not in Employment, Education or Training


National Foundation for Educational Research

NFER Statistical



The NFER Statistical Neighbours are the ones that both Education and Children’s social care have to use. More information on them can be found at


New born Hearing Screening Coverage.


National Health Dentist.


National Health Service.


NHS Business Services Authority


NHS Cambridgeshire.


National Health Service Cervical Screening Programme


NHS Peterborough


National Indicator.


National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.  A national body created in 1999 as part of the health service reforms "to ensure every NHS patient gets fair access to quality treatment."  It aims to set clear national standards of what patients can expect to receive from the NHS.  It will promote clinical and cost effectiveness (ie does it work?  Is it good value in terms of patient benefit?) through guidance and audit to support front-line staff.


New National Insurance Number issues.


New born and Infant Physical Examination Programme.


National Obesity Measurement Tool.


Performance measure Data Collection for New born and infant Physical Examination.


National Primary Care Contracting Collaborative


National Planning Policy Framework


Nicotine Replacement Therapy.


National Screening Committee.


National Support Team (Department of Health).


National Treatment Agency.


Nuchal Translucency Scan.


North West Public Health Observatory


National Vocational Qualification

ONS - Office for National Statistics

The Office for National Statistics is the Government Agency responsible for the assimilation of data about life in the UK.  Their primary aim is to provide a timely and comprehensive picture of the UK’s economy and society to support the formulation and monitoring of Government policy.  Further information, as well as lots of data, can be found at

ONS Tables VS2 / VS3

These are tables of vital statistics produced by the Office for National Statistics (ONS).  Table VS2 provides details of births and Table VS3 details deaths, in England & Wales.

OPCS Codes

A clinical classification of interventions and procedures.   OPCS-4 (Office of Population, Censuses and Surveys:  Classification of Interventions and Procedures, 4th Revision) – which records details of any procedures or interventions performed, eg hip replacement.


Obesity is a condition in which the natural energy reserve is increased to a point where it is associated with certain health conditions or increased mortality. Body mass index (BMI), is a simple and widely used method for estimating body fat.  A BMI over 30 is obese.


Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.


Our Healthier Nation – sets out the proposed 'Contract for Health' as a partnership between the Government, local organisations and individuals. Published in 1999.


Office of National Statistics

ONS Cluster

The cluster analysis method places each area in a group with the other areas to which it is most similar in terms of the forty-two Census variables selected. This enables similar areas to be classified according to their particular combination of characteristics. The classification consists of two parts: a hierarchical classification of super groups, groups, and subgroups, and an overlapping classification of “corresponding areas”.


Office of Population, Census and Surveys (former name for ONS)


NHS Procedure Coding, version 4