Sexual health includes sexually transmitted infections (STIs), contraception, abortion and reproductive health. Sexual health need requires an holistic understanding. For example if there is a high teenage conception rate then there is high risk of an increase in sexually transmitted infections and abortion.
The numbers of people living with HIV in Cambridgeshire has increased since 2004 reflecting to a large degree better treatment methods.
Nationally there is also a concern with a high level of late HIV diagnoses which compromises treatment and potentially could increase the spread of the disease.
Nationally the highest burden of sexually transmitted disease is borne by women, commercial sex workers, gay men, men who have sex with men (MSM), teenagers, young adults and black and ethnic minorities (BME). A better understanding in Cambridgeshire of the sexual health needs of these groups especially vulnerable populations is required.
The Cambridgeshire teenage conception rate has been consistently and significantly lower than the national and East of England rate since the launch of the Teenage Pregnancy Strategy in 1999.
There were 740 sexual offences recorded in Cambridgeshire during 2008-2009 with 755 recorded sexual offences in Cambridgeshire in 2009-2010, representing a 2% increase year on year. The Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Sexual Assault Referral Centre provided services to 330 people in 2010 of which, 112 of those clients were from Cambridgeshire.